3.8 billion euros are also in savings accounts.

3.8 billion euros are also in savings accounts.

Very few want to save

The acquisition of new computer games, cell phones or laptops is not given so much importance. Only 15 percent of children want to invest part of their money in technical equipment or games. Sweets and fast food are only mentioned in passing. The bottom line of the survey is saving money. It was only occasionally noted that a partial amount could be set aside, for example for studies. A young user saw his great opportunity in saving. His resolution was short and sweet: „I would save 1 million euros until I have 1 trillion.“

Whimsy goods, games to bring along, rewards: children love gifts – and sometimes they ask for them. With the direct question "Did you bring me something?" However, adults are sometimes a little overwhelmed. "When children ask for gifts, it’s because they figured out a rule" explains Dorothee Lappehsen-Lengler, author of the educational guide "Loving and competent". They would have noticed, for example, that visitors always bring gifts, that a brave visit to the dentist is rewarded with reaching for the treasure chest, that the butcher always gives you a slice of sausage. By asking questions, they checked whether this rule still applied.

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Praise correct behavior

Children first have to learn when it is appropriate to ask for something and when it costs sympathy points. "They must get this information from their parents. They should introduce their offspring to such social rules" says the psychologist from Saarbrücken. You can explain to the child, for example, that the guest is uncomfortable when they ask for a souvenir and that the child no longer seems so personable as a result. If you can foresee a potential gift situation in advance, you should also remind the child in good time of the rules discussed. "If the child behaved correctly, he should also be praised for it" says Lappehsen-Lengler.

On "No" must be accepted

Children who asked for gifts are often very communicative. Lappehsen-Lengler therefore advises against giving them the habit of asking questions. "It is important, however, that the child can bear to receive a ’no‘ as an answer to his question." However, this does not always take place objectively and quietly. Parents have to be prepared for tantrums and reproachful glances from fellow human beings when the child throws himself roaring on the floor in the supermarket because he has to put the sweet egg back.

Parents are hardly aware of the influence of their children

A new study carried out by im. Shows that many children, with their wishes and demands, have a major influence on their parents‘ consumer behavior "Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services" was published: 178 parents were seen going to the supermarket with their children. Methods of participatory observation were used, explains Claus Ebster from the Institute for Business Administration at the University of Vienna. "Trained observers, who pretended to be customers with shopping carts, followed the shopping behavior of parents with children." After paying at the cash register, interviewers asked the parents how many of the purchases had been made at their children’s request. "The parents were hardly aware of the influence their children had on the purchases, because they only stated half of the products that had actually been made at the children’s request" said the head of the study.

Supermarket strategies target children

Parents are most likely to give in to their children’s purchase wishes for toys, sweets and fruit – for products that can be used or consumed directly in the store and that keep the children busy while they continue shopping. In their wishes, however, children react to everything that catches the eye. "The cartoons on the cereal packs are no accident, because the manufacturers know exactly about this mechanism" so Ebster. The same can also be seen in the strategy of the supermarkets, which arrange items of interest for children on shelves, mostly at eye level. For better shopping control, the consumer researcher recommends that parents place children in the shopping cart with their faces turned towards them, in order to restrict their field of vision. Often is so-called "Whimsy" bought to reassure the children, but in the long term this is exactly how consumer behavior is shaped, because children learn: Demanding is successful.

Consumer behavior is shaped

As a result, children develop certain consumer behavior very early on. Because the children are saved last. Wish lists for Christmas or Easter are more like an order list and don’t just contain small wishes. When it comes to clothing and electrical appliances, buying is very brand-conscious, with the children saying which brands are popular. Parents consciously include their children in the purchase decision. Advertising has long since recognized this and is targeting this group in a targeted manner. Another example: children are not asked "gifted". From the pharmacist who gave the child the "healthy" Give a bear or a piece of sausage to the butcher. Parents have no chance to refuse this.

Many children are "rich"

Unfortunately there are more and more families in Germany who have to save a lot. But many children already have small fortunes, in the form of fixed investments, savings accounts, money gifts or monthly pocket money. With regular cash donations and gifts at Christmas, Easter and birthdays, they have 2.6 billion euros at their disposal, according to the Kids-Consumer-Analysis 2008, for children between six and 13 years of age. For a birthday there is an average of 76 euros, as well as for Christmas and Easter 20 euros. 3.8 billion euros are also in savings accounts. Every month the children receive an average of around 23 euros in pocket money, the six to nine year olds 14 euros and the ten to 13 year olds 32.5 euros. However, this is very classic mainly for "Candy" and comics issued. When children save, it is on electronics, clothing and toys.

When you think of summer time, you think first and foremost of the stolen hour of sleep. Once the time change has been overcome, however, the shift also has advantages – at least in social terms.

Many people are just annoyed when the clocks are changed. When they jump from 2:00 a.m. to 3:00 a.m. in summer, one or the other feels deprived of a valuable hour of their sleep and is even more tired than before in the first few days afterwards.

But you can also just make the best of it, says psychology professor Katja Mierke from the Fresenius University of Applied Sciences. Because of the summer time, it stays light an hour longer in the evening. "You should make the most of it."

The switch to summer time is beneficial for working people

Strictly speaking, the time change only shifts the free time when it is light. Because in the morning the sun rises – based on the clocks – an hour later. Overall, people don’t have more light. But the hour in the evening suits working people, says Mierke. In any case, this applies in social terms: "Nobody meets up with friends for a barbecue at 5:30 in the morning." That happens earlier in the evening.

Mierke suspects that if there is an hour more light after work, it also has a psychological effect: "It feels like there is still more of the day left."

Because of the summer time, adults stay outside longer

An American study has shown that people can really make use of summer time, says Mierke. The researchers found that, thanks to the summer time, adults enjoy their free time outside for half an hour longer – and spend nine minutes less in front of the television. By shifting the start of daylight saving time in the USA, a direct comparison of behavior on the same day was possible over a total of four years, says Mierke.

The negative effects that mini jetlag can have on sleep, however, can hardly be argued away. Anyone who already has problems getting up early in the morning will be even more stressed by the time change.

Sleep disturbances and tiredness: Most Germans reject the clock change Time change 2020: Winter time – one hour forward or back?

Basically, it is a public decision that everyone has to go to work or school an hour earlier, explains Till Roenneberg, Head of Human Chronobiology at the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich. As long as this decision is still in effect, the only thing that helps against anger is to consciously enjoy the sun on mild summer evenings.

Sources used: dpa

It’s that time again: The shooting stars of the Leonid Current are coming. It’s not the only heavenly spectacle that November brings with it.

In November, Saturn can still be seen in the early evening show me asian women sky deep in the southwest. Around the middle of the month, however, the ring planet becomes invisible to the eye. If it sets at the beginning of the month for a quarter of an hour after 7 p.m., at the end of November it sinks below the southwestern horizon line at 5:30 p.m. With the departure of Saturn, the starry sky remains without bright planets in the first half of the night.

Observe Venus, Mars and Jupiter in the morning sky

In the morning sky, Venus gives her farewell performance. It is striving towards more and more southern realms of the zodiac. Right at the beginning of the month it passes Spica, the main star of the Virgin. On November 13th there is a close encounter with Jupiter. Venus is passing just north of the giant planet, which is gradually appearing in the morning sky. Mars can also be seen in the morning sky. It appears around 4 a.m. on the eastern horizon, while Venus and Jupiter can only be clearly observed between 6 and 7 a.m.

On November 16, around 6:30 a.m., there is a nice view of the sky when the narrow crescent of the waning moon joins the morning parade of Mars, Jupiter and Venus. The day before the crescent moon passes reddish-yellow Mars.

Mercury reaches its greatest angular distance to the east from the Sun at 22 degrees on November 24th. Because of its extreme southern position, however, it cannot be seen in the evening in our latitudes: it goes under before it is really dark.

Not all stars can be seen with the naked eye

The full moon is reached on November 4th at 6:23 a.m., with the satellite in the constellation Aries. On the night of November 5th to 6th, the moon passes in front of the star cluster of the Hyades, covering some of the stars of the rain star. On the evening of November 5th, Primus Hyadum, also known as Gamma Tauri, disappears behind the moon. Depending on the observation location in Germany, Primus Hyadum reappears between 8:41 p.m. and 8:51 p.m. on the western edge of the moon. Because of the blinding moonlight, the star can hardly be seen with the naked eye. Binoculars are required.

On the other hand, the occultation of the orange Aldebaran, the main star of Taurus, is clearly visible in the morning hours of November 6th. Depending on the position of the observer, the occultation begins between 3.48 a.m. and 4.10 a.m. The eclipse of Aldebaran ends between 4:29 a.m. and 4:37 a.m. He reappears on the western edge of the moon. On the same night, the moon comes 361,440 kilometers away from Earth, while on November 21st in the evening 406,130 kilometers away from us. New moon occurs on 18th